Department of Zoology, Dayanand Girls’ P.G. College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Received :26th July, 2022 ; Revised : 26th August, 2022
Abstract– Consequently, with the geometrically rising world population and the increasing pressure on food items, it has become increasingly necessary to increase food production from the present level. The possibility of achieving this is not only to increase production but also to protect the crops cultivated. Crop protection can be achieved through several means. One of such is the use of pesticides. This paper, therefore, reviews the use of neem extracts as bio-pesticides among other plant species with inherent pesticidal activities. It is no doubt that the chemical pesticides or insecticides possess inherent toxic substances that endangers the ecological environment, operators of application equipment, and consumers of agricultural products. It is therefore important that we encourage the use of biological pesticides as they affect only target pests, are easily biodegradable, increase farmland fertility, are environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and simple to availability. It is also important that because of the low cost of production of biopesticides it should be encouraged as an option in India in agricultural practices.
Key words: Neem, bio- pesticides, Azadirachta indica, herbal-pesticide