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Sustainable development for the management of nematodes in the banana root of Muzaffarpur

Gazala Ruhi Fatma*, S.N. Singh & Anita Kumari
University Department of Zoology, B.R.Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, IndiaReceived : 30th April, 2022 ; Revised : 04th June, 2022

Abstract– Banana is a major agricultural crop in North Bihar. It is an affordable and high nutritional value and a rich source of various vitamins and minerals. It reduces blood pressure and the risk of heart and kidney disease. Banana is a perennial crop, which is why it is a suitable condition for the abidance of the parasitic nematodes and their population increase in its root along with rhizosphere soil. Plant-parasitic nematodes can be controlled by different methods. Most of the workers developed and identified several sustainable developments for the management of banana nematodes. In which different cropping systems and integrated pest management are incorporated. In recent times, different strategies for host management and cultural practices like sanitation, and complete removal of infected plants along with rhizomes. Plantation of healthy crops, Rotation of crops with nonhosts. Use of nematicides, prevent the infestation and spread of nematodes, Irrigation with fresh water and not with drainage water. Farmers were suggested to the plantation of Tagetes. The nematode control is important for growth, quality, and yield by keeping the nematode population below the economical threshold level. It is a part of the Green revolution in Banana crop production for sustainable development with women empowerment.

Key words: Sustainable development, women empowerment, Integrated pest management, parasitic nematodes, Rhizosphere, green revolution

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