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Efficacy of aqueous extract of some common medicinal plants for Ganges water

D. K. Paula*, Nitu Kumaria, Monika Kumaria, Juhi Jaisawala, A.K Jhab & Prasanjit Mukherjeec
aEnvironmental Science & Management, Department of Zoology, Patna University, Patna, Bihar, India
bDepartment of Zoology, DAV P.G. College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
cDepartment of Botany, K. K. M. College, Pakur, Jharkhand, India
Received : 16th May, 2022 ; Revised : 16th June, 2022

Abstract– Water is a valuable resource for the sustenance of life. No organism can exist without water. It is used in several purposes such as drinking, agriculture, bathing and recreation. The quality of water whether it is stagnant or free flowing should be maintained particularly for potable purpose. Since ancient times folk medicinal plants are used to treat impure water. To know the efficacy of the extract of some common medicinal plants, present investigation was undertaken using Ganges water for the experiment as its quality is degrading day to day. Total microbial count (CFU/ml), MPN of coliform bacteria, MPN of E.coli as well as some chemical properties of Ganges water were affected when aqueous extract of leaves of Neem (Azadirachta indica), Sahjan (Moringa oleifera) and Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) were treated. Efficacy of aqueous extracts was observed in the manner of Moringa oleifera < Ocimum sanctum < Azadirachta indica. Scientific use of widely and easily available folk medicinal plants may be alternatives to purify water. Moreover, it may be cost effective.

Key words: Ganga river, Water, Bacteria, Tulsi, Sahjan, Neem, Efficacy

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