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Chemical composition of raw milk from Cow, Buffalo and Goat of Madhepura district (Bihar)

Vidushi Bharti, Arun Kumar* & Suman
University Department of Zoology, B.N.Mandal University, Madhepura, Bihar, India
Received : 22nd December, 2021 ; Revised : 23rd January, 2022

Abstract– Milk is considered as a good source of Protein, Fat and Minerals. In the present work, study of chemical composition of milk from Buffalo, Cow and Goat was performed. Milk was collected from 5 dairy firms of Madhepura district and chemical constituents-Protein, Fat, Lactose, Carbohydrate and minerals were measured in the laboratory. It was observed that Protein, Fat and Lactose content were highest in Buffalo milk and lowest in Goat milk. The content of these biochemical substances in Cow milk was in between Buffalo and Goat milk. Similarly, the mineral content i.e. Calcium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Iron, Zinc etc. were also maximum in Buffalo milk and the value of these minerals varies in Goat and Cow milk. The Calcium and Potassium were in more quantity in Goat milk in comparison to the Cow milk but the Iron content was higher in Cow milk in comparison to the Goat milk. On the other hand, Zinc content was higher in Goat milk.

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