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Studies on health status of fluorosis suffering inhabitants of Rajauli, Bihar

Bihari Singha, Anil Kumar Singhb & Peeyush Kumarc*
aDepartment of Environmental Sciences, Nalanda Open University, Patna, Bihar, India
bDepartment of Chemistry, A.N. College, Patna, Bihar, India
cDepartment of Environmental Science, Magadh University, Bodh Gaya, Bihar, India
Received : 05th January, 2023 ; Revised : 05th February, 2023

Abstract– The intake of fluoride rich water above the maximum permissible limit of 1.5 mg/L leads to a disease called fluorosis. Rajauli block of Nawada district, Bihar is one of the worst fluorosis endemic areas. Inhabitants suffering from dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis have been found in the villages of Rajauli block. Out of the 44 samples analysed from four villages of Rajauli, 41 water samples were contaminated with fluoride. To identify the fluorosis affected people, health status survey was done. The height and weight of the villagers (who were above 6 years of age) were measured and the BMI (Body Mass Index) values were calculated. During the health survey many people of the village reported dental problems, muscular pains, joint pains, bone deformities and many more ailments related to fluorosis. Some cases of knock knee and bow legs were also observed. Many of the inhabitants had their BMI level less than 18.5.

Key words: fluorosis, endemic, contaminated, deformities, ailments

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