Bipin Kumar & B. K. Dayal*
University Department of Botany, B.N.M. University, Madhepura, Bihar, India
Received : 27th June, 2021 ; Revised : 04th August, 2021
Abstract– Wetlands are one of the important repositories of aquatic biodiversity in India, it covers an area of around 58.2 million hectares.Wetlands or fens, marshes, swamps, and bogs, are the link between water and land. Wetlands provide a plenitude of essential ecosystem services which includes, flood mitigation, storm protection and water storage. Water purification through retention of nutrients, sediments, and pollutants, Groundwater recharge, Essential habitat for many animals and plants. Destruction of wetlands is caused mostly by anthropological activities. This study deals with the distribution and status wetlands and consequences for its loss as well as its preservation strategies. The current study provides an action plan along with methodology for conservation of wetlands through biological activities. The most important element of this study is the awareness program of forestation launched by the global leaders but not adopted by the citizens. A wide range of fieldwork has been done to generate ample amount of information on biodiversity preservation. Habitat information is also collected for the conservation of wetlands network throughout the nation.
Key words: Wetlands, forestation, preservation, conservation