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A comparative study of phytochemical screening of wild variety of Annona reticulata L. and Annona squamosa L.

Sangita Kumari*, H. P. Sharma & Abhishek P. Sahu
University Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 23rd May, 2021 ; Revised : 24th June, 2021

Abstract– Plant based medicines have been a part of traditional healthcare in most parts of the world for thousands of years. Its civilization is very ancient and the country as a whole has long been known for its rich resources of medical plants. The medicinal plants find application in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, agricultural and food industry. Even today, the World Health Organization estimates that up to 80 percent of people still rely mainly on traditional remedies such as herbs for their medicines. There is an increasing demand for the herbal drug treatment of various ailments and many plant drugs from ayurvedic system are being explored globally. Studying the plants used in folklore medicine promises to yield commendable results as investigating their medicinal properties has led to a better understanding of the use of traditional medicines as potential drugs in addition to contemporary drugs. Annona squamosa L. is extensively studied for its medicinal properties by advanced scientific techniques and a variety of bioactive compounds have been isolated from the different parts of the plant and were analysed pharmacologically. In our present investigation, the comparative phytochemical screening between Annona squamosa and Annona reticulata leaf extracts revealed the presence of various bioactive compounds. Leaf extracts of Annona reticulata and Annona squamosa were screened for the presence of phytochemical constituents like terpenoids, phenols, flavanoids, saponins and others. The medicinal activity of the plants is due the presence of these phytochemicals. For this purpose, extracts of the leaves were prepared in different solvents like water, methanol, acetate, and ethanol. The results showed the rich presence of majority of phytochemical constituents which can be correlated with the possible significant medical potential of the plant.

Key words: Methanolic extract, Secondary metabolite, Annona squamosa, Annona reticulata

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