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Wildlife in – situ conservation strategies in Jharkhand

Natick Imam Mallick*
P. G. Department of Zoology, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 20th April, 2020 ; Revised : 24th May, 2020

Abstract The state of Jharkhand has a unique relation with forest since time immemorial. The word Jharkhand connotes area of land covered with forests. Therefore, literally as well as symbolically, Jharkhand is associated with forests. The total recorded forest area of the state is is 23,605 km2 which is 29.61 % of the geographical area of the state. Of the total recorded forest area, Reserved Forests constitute 18.58%, Protected Forests 81.28% and Unclassified Forests 0.14%. Jharkhand Forest Department is entrusted with all matters pertaining to forests and forestry including protecting and conserving forests and wildlife resources of the state through scientific forest management practices within the ambit of policies, acts and rules in vogue. One of its main objectives is to bewildering sustainable conservation and management of biodiversity – rich ecosystems through in- situ & ex – situ conservation such as Biosphere Reserves, National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Biological Parks, Breeding Centres and Zoos. Presently besides several Biological Parks and Zoos, Jharkhand has only one National Park, altogether ten Wildlife Sanctuaries but devoid of any of Biosphere Reserves.

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