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Scenario of bottom fauna of Gaya pond, Bihar, India

Surabhi Salonia, Lakshman Sahb* and Rashmic
aP.G. Department of Zoology, Magadh University, Bodh-Gaya, Bihar, India
bDepartment of Zoology, R.K.D College Patna, Patliputra University, Patna, Bihar, India
cDepartment of Zoology, College of Commerce, Patliputra University, Patna, Bihar, India
Received : 21st December, 2019 ; Revised : 11th February, 2020

Abstract: This research paper represents the concept of bottom fauna of Gaya pond Bihar. Bottom fauna were collected with the help of mushroom shaped scooping bottom samples. The bottom contents will be identified in living condition and quantitative estimation has been done by using of sample of constant volume of bottom. The total volume of organisms has been determined by standard displacement method. Zoo plankton, macro invertebrate and fishes were studied. It is seen that
zooplankton community showed its peak during February and December. There was variation in the dominance of Rotifers and Copepods. Its population declined during May and represented by copepods during January and represented by various species. Altogether many species of zooplanktons have been reported from pond out of which Protozoa, Rotifer, Copepoda, Ostracoda are important. However, the information gathered from two years studies may provide insight into the ways and means of conservation and propagation of certain commercially important fishes and other organisms from pond to augment regular supply of raw materials for food and other commercial purposes so that cottage industries may run properly contributing sustainable economic wealth and giving employment to thousands of people Gaya region. Besides this, exploitation of pond resources through scientific methods on sustainable basis may provide an idea about the biology of pond ecosystem.

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