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Behavioral Pattern of captive Rhinoceros unicornis of Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park, Patna (Bihar)

Ramkrit Kumar, Kumari Geeta & Lakshman Sah  
Dept. of Zoology,  N.K. College, Gonpura, Masauri, Patna, M. U.Bodh-Gaya (Bihar)
Dept. of Zoology, R.K.D. College, Patna-20, M.U. Bodh-Gaya (Bihar)
Received :  25th May, 2011 Revised :  14th August, 2011

Abstract : The present study has been made on Rhinoceros unicornis, born, reared and grown in captive condition. Strict diet schedule, lack of exercise and labour did not change the body construction, health, look and agility of the wild mammal. Some special features of the anatomical constructions of animal was noted. In rhinoceros, the hairless thick skin were divided into sections by large folds. The median line of the head was borne a “horn”. The habitat in zoo differed from wild condition. The grassy private territory, free flowing rivers, natural swamps and clay wallows are missing. Efforts have been made to provide artificially like own field, clay wallows and water ponds to Rhinoceros. The locomotion was found to be deliberate and slow. However it was capable of fast running. The speed was not measured due to lack of space and opportunity. Rhinoceros was found to be unsocial. Males Rhino do not tolerate each other. However the two female Rhinoceros kept in one enclosure were very friendly. They rested very close to each other in water. It was noticed that the animals have special ways and signals to communicate among each other and with other animals. The hearing, seeing and smelling faculties were all found to be good in all of them.


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