IHSE, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Received : 26th May, 2021 ; Revised : 27th June, 2021
Abstract– Odisha is situated in East Central region of India, rich in faunal diversity exhibits 131 species of reptiles, 29 species of Amphibians, 537 spices of birds and 114 species of mammals. Odisha lies in the eastern region of elephant habitat of India. According to the elephant census (2017), about 1,976 elephants are found in Odisha. Due to Fragmentation of habitats and destruction of elephant corridors, mining, railways, establishment of industries are main causes of manelephant interface. Deaths of elephants are reported mostly due to poaching, electrocutions, railways and road accidents. New approaches like improvement of habitat, creation of Gajabandhu and solar light programme and use of advanced technological devices like drone for tracking the elephant movement and Bamboo seed ball plantation are adopted by Govt. of Odisha for conservation of this country’s heritage animal from extinction.
Key words: Wildlife diversity, Elephants, conservation in Odisha