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Ethnomedicinal use and phytochemical screening of a medicinal plant Solanum torvum Sw.

Nayeema Khatoon*, Arshia Naaz, Saloni Swaroopa, Vikas Kumar & A.K. Chaudhary

Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biotechnology, University Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi-834008, Jharkhand(India)

Received, 28th December, 2014 ; Revised: 5th February, 2015

Abstract : Solanum torvum Sw. (Family : Solanaceae) is a popularly used medicine in Jharkhand for treating various illnesses in the native system of Medicine. It is commonly used shrub in traditional medicine. The plant extract have been widely used for the treatment of a large number of human ailments. The chemical entities of this plant has been used as antihypertensive, antioxidant, cardovascular, anti-microbial, sedative, digestive, haemostatic and diuretic activities etc. The identification of phytochemical has become the most important tool to know the active principles of this medicinal plant. The pharmaceutical significance of Solanum torvum Sw. is mainly because of the leaf and seed contain various bioactive compounds such as Saponin, alkaloid, tennins, steroids stc. The present work was aimed at identification of phytochemical constituents of leaf and seeds of Solanum torvum Sw., used in folk and traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases like asthma, diabetes, gastro intestinal diseases etc. The two different aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the leaf and seed were for identification of phytochemical constituents. The analysis revealed the presence of phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, tennis, terpenoids and phenolic compounds. The present investigation provides a novel broad spectrum protocol for further research and investigation.

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