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Importance of Eudrilla euginae to convert organic bio-wastes into vermicompost for agricultural development

Atul Kumar Misraa*
aDepartment of Zoology, D.A.V. P.G. College, Kanpur (U.P.), India.

ReceivedĀ  15th Jan., 2012; RevisedĀ  20th June.,2012

Abstract : Kanpur is the most important thickly populated industrial city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. There are many industries, tanneries and factories all around the city. Thus, due to over population there are many serious problems faced by the city, which is the management of solid organic wastes product thrown by the human beings. In the present study, the most common and useful species of earthworm i.e. Eudrilla euginae which is very beneficial for agricultural purpose. This species of earthworm is very active to convert various bio-wastes into vermicompost.
For this purpose, an experiment was conducted in earthen pots during July, 2009. In the city, the four bio-wastes sites were selected for the collection of garbage of the city, paper waste, house hold waste and vegetable waste, for the observation upto 45 days. Just after the experiment, data were analyzed for the results.
The result of present study clearly indicates, that various bio-organic wastes have significant role in the growth and development of earthworms as well as production of vermicompost.
The highest amount of production of vermicompost was recorded from the vegetable market wastes (5.8 Kg.), whereas the lowest (3.5 Kg) was noted from the garbage of the city from the total waste of (10 Kg). The other sources of organic bio-wastes also proved good results for the conversion of organic bio-wastes into vermicompost.

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