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Report on the future of insects and ecosystems: Research and Management for sustainability

Anand Kumar Thakur*
University Department of Zoology, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 22nd December, 2022 ; Revised : 23rd January, 2023

Abstract– The importance of insects in an ecosystem is well-established by different researchers. Due to the anthropogenic interventions, the relationship between insects and ecosystems mainly in agro-horticultural areas came under threat. Chemical fertilizers and insecticides have an impact on the life-table parameters of insects both pests and other non-pest insects. The objectives of this article are to focus on the core areas of research and management for the sustainability of integrated pest management. The causes of the diversity threat of insects were habitat loss, climate change, pollution, pesticides, invasive species, and overexploitation. The future of insect management depends on IPM strategies, biological control, genetic control, precision agriculture, sustainable farming practices, and citizen science. Fruitful utilization of recent technologies like RNA interference, autonomous robots, gene editing, nanotechnology, artificial intelligence (AI), and drones are game-changers in the management of insects and ecosystems.

Key words: Horticulture, Fertilizers, Pest insects, Integrated pest management, nanotechnology, AI

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