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Role of microorganisms in municipal solid waste management -A case study

Nilu Kumaria*, Sneha Pandeya & Amit Kumar Pandeyb
aDepartment of Biotechnology, RKDF University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
bDepartment of Microbiology, RKDF University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 04th November, 2021 ; Revised : 03rd January, 2022

Abstract– Microorganisms play a vital roles in the maintenance of all the phenomenon whether manmade or natural. They makes survival easier for human beings. So microorganisms are used is in municipal waste management. The proper treatment of the municipal waste generated by humans in their day to day activities is a challenging task faced by government and environmental agencies. A vital way of successfully reducing this problem is by use of microorganisms. Thus, this paper contains many methods of microorganisms used in the management of municipal waste. And also their roles of used in the environment, such as in sewage, soil treatment & energy generation. It also discusses waste generation and its management methods, and some specific uses of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae, virus and protozoa) in waste management. It examines by showing some recent activity in bio techniques waste management. A major challenge to all the countries worldwide is effective management of the waste generated. Waste can be categorized by many methods but by the classic classification is degradable waste, recyclable materials, inert waste, electrical and electronic, composite wastes, harmful waste and Toxic waste. Microbes can continue to exist in the extreme environmental can solve various types of problems of mankind. Municipal solid waste generation in India is about 42 million tons/year and in this microorganism plays an important role.

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