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Excessive use of urea is responsible for nitrogen pollution in India: A systematic review

Naina Srivastavaa & Nikhil Agnihotrib*
aDepartment of Botany, DAV (PG) College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
bFaculty of Science, SKJD Degree College, Mangalpur, Kanpur Dehat, U.P., India
Received : 17th January, 2022 ; Revised : 16th February, 2022

Abstract– Urea is the main source of artificial fertilizer in crops in India. Fertilizer sources of emissions to all the processes that cause it to reach the environment and cause pollution. It also includes nitrogen minimization measures which suggest that this can be largely prevented by reducing the use at the source. As per the review of literature, it accounts for 84 percent of the total nitrogen fertilizer produced in the country. The study found that nitrogen fertilizers in India reduced soil carbon by 28 percent of the original amount, while nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and organic manure combined reduced farm carbon by 2.9 percent has decreased. The impact of nitrogen pollution on the Himalayan forests and mountains has not been extensively studied. In its lower part lies the Gangetic plain, which is probably the global epicenter of nitrogen air pollution. Excess nitrogen in the atmosphere can produce pollutants such as ammonia and ozone, which can impair the ability to breathe, limit visibility and alter plant growth. When excess nitrogen comes back to earth from the atmosphere, it can harm the health of forests, soils, and waterways.

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