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Groundwater fluoride contamination in Bhaunr Village of Rajauli Block of Nawada District, Bihar

Anil Kumar Singha, Peeyush Kumarb* & Vishal Patelc
aDepartment of Chemistry, A.N. College, Patna, Bihar, India
bUniversity Department of Environmental Sciences, Magadh University, Bodhgaya, Bihar, India
cProject Associate, Centre for Fluorosis Research, A.N.College, Patna, Bihar, India
Received : 24th May, 2021 ; Revised : 25th June, 2021

Abstract– Fresh water is one of the important resources needed to maintain life on the earth. However due to water pollution, the quality of water has got degraded. Many groundwater sources in the villages of Rajauli block of Nawada district, Bihar have been found to have fluoride above the maximum permissible limit of 1.5 mg/L. The ground watersources of Bhaunr village of Rajauli block are highly contaminated by Fluoride (F-). In one of the sources the level of fluoride has reached a peak value of 7.51 mg/L. Intake of fluoride contaminated water has led to a disease called Fluorosis in the people living there. All the four types of fluorosis – dental, muscular, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis have been reported in the village.

Key words: Groundwater, fluoride, fluorosis, contaminate, degrade

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