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The ethnobotany and the socio economic relevance of jute in the Koshi region of Bihar, India

Rani Runam Kumari*
Department of Botany, B.N.M.University, Madhepura, Bihar, India
Received : 24th April, 2020 ; Revised : 27th May, 2020

Abstract In respect with economical plants, Koshi region of Bihar has a huge diversity and Jute play an important role as cash crop which even boost the economy of India and World. The most important fibre of India is obtained from the inner bark of two important species Corchorus capsularis (white jute) and Corchorus olitorius (tossa jute). Jute is a natural fibre known as golden fibre. It is one of the cheapest and strong fibre of all natural fibre and considered as fibre of the future. Jute is used to make sacks and coarse clothes and also being used for wrapping bales of raw cotton. Jute yarns are woven into fine fabrics to use as curtains, chair coverings, cheap quality rugs, hessian clothes, backing of linoleum and carpets. Jute was mainly used for making sacks but now things have changed and many other ways of utilizing jute has come up. Jute began to lose its popularity with the advent of synthetic materials as the latter was more economical. But slowly people began to realize the negative impact of synthetic materials on the environment. Jute scores over synthetic materials largely due to its biodegradable nature. The leaves are rich in beta carotene, iron, calcium, and Vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant a-tocopherol equivalent Vitamin E. Jute has socioeconomic values about 1.2 kg of CO2 is absorbed from atmosphere per every kg of fibre produced. Jute cultivation creates direct employment to farmers, industrial workers and indirect employment to workers associated with ancillary industries. Thus help in economical upliftment of Bihar and nation.

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