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Fish diversity and abundance in relation to water quality of Medninagar, Palamu, Jharkhand (India)

Pradeep Kumar* & Anjana Verma
Department of Zoology, Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India
Received :28th April, 2019 ; Revised : 09th June, 2019

Abstract : This paper represents the Freshwater fish diversity, abundance and richness status of Medninagar, Palamu, Jharkhand was studied in three sampling sites. The present study has shown that Nawatoli pond, Kachrwa dam and Bara talab supported 3 fish species belonging the same class, order and family. Fish diversity was assessed Shannon- Weiner Index (H), Simpson’s Dominance Index (D), Simpson’s Index of diversity (I-D), Pielons Evenness and Margalef Index of species richness and seasonal water quality parameters such as water, temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, free CO2, DO, BOD hardness, chloride, nitrate and phosphate has been recorded and were found suitable for fish population. It can be concluded that reservoir supported rich fish population; it needs proper management and utilization of these fish’s wealth and sustainable steps to monitor and conserve these fish health. However, the present paper deals with fish diversity in the freshwater fishes of Medninagar, Palamu, as these water bodies harbour a large number of fish fauna. The survey is based on observations and description of fishes as recorded in Systems Nature by Carls Linnaeus.

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