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Study of responses of penicillin-G on morphological characteristics, physiology and productivity of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)

S.P. Singha* & R.P. Raghavab
aDepartment of Botany, G.S.R. Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Karnai, Ballia, U.P., India.
bP.G. Department of Botany, S.M.M. Town P.G. College, Ballia, U.P., India.
Received : 12th June, 2018 ; Revised : 13th August, 2018

Abstract: Penicillin the “Queen of Drugs” is a large group of natural or semi synthetic antibiotics derived from strains of fungi of the genus Penicillium (P. notatum and P. chrysogenum). These are the compounds of 6-aminopenicillanic acid. Penicillin-G (Benzylpenicillin) is natural penicillin. This Paper is concerned with the morphological, physiological and productivity responses of penicillin-G in Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L). A field experiment was conducted to see the effect of various concentration of Penicillin-G, on different parameters in bitter gourd, as three season’s crop. Penicillin-G was applied, as foliar spray at pre flowering, flowering and post flowering stage. The lower concentration (25, 50 &100 mg/l) showed an increasing trend in leaf growth yield and biochemical estimation. The numbers of seeds were reduced significantly in lower concentrations.

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