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Role of different elements on growth & development of Piper betle Linn. in vivo

Anupam* & Ashok Kumar Choudhary
Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 13th October, 2017 ; Revised :14th December,2017

Abstract : Piper betle Linn. is climbing shrub belongs to the family Piperaceae and commonly known as ‘Paan’. It is economically and medicinally very important plant. In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to know the different elements which are responsible for better growth and developement of Piper betle L., so that it can be cultivated in large scale. 15 Plants were divided into 3 batches, first batch was used as control (only water and no nutition), second was sprayed with six elements (Ca+Mg+Mn+Fe+Cu+Zn), and third with MHS (Modified hoagland solution) for 120 days and continued upto 220 days and physical characteristics of leaves were observed during this period. Among three batches third batch (sprayed with MHS) was proved to be best for improvement of physical parameters where an average length of the leaves were increased 12.06% ( after 120 days) and 14.34% (after 220 days), width 12.29 % ( after 120 days) and 13.34 % (after 220 days), area 15.98 % (120 days) and 12.44 % (220 days), weight 16.36 % (120 days) and 12.18 % (220 days). Taste and color of the leaves were also improved.

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