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Impact of development: Threat to biodiversity of Ramgarh

Rajesh Kumar Upadhyay*
Department of Zoolgy, Ramgarh College, V.B.U., Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India
Received : 30th October, 2017 ; Revised :18th December,2017

Abstract : At the mid night of 15th of November 2000, a new state arose on the map of India, The JHARKHAND. It is full of forest, minerals ,rivers, hills and biodiversity. Average temperature and high degree of annual rain fall increases its beauty and bio diversity. This is one of the most important and favorable climatic condition for the biodiversity of animals and especially the macro invertebrates. Ramgarh district is centrally located in Jharkhand full of industries, mines and power plants. Ramgarh town is situated at lat. 23.380 N and long. 85.340 E. Jharkhand is full of faunal diversity as well as it the home of many species of reptiles ,mammals , birds. Longer summer and smaller winter plays an important role in the life cycle of animals. Variation in rain fall and temperature may lead to the variation in phonological events in many species. The development and regeneration of many species is dependent on the monsoon rain fall especially the dominant Sal, Mahua, Kattha, Tick trees and shurbs as puttush. The variation in such conditions may adversely affect the regeneration and growth of these species. Forest is spreaded throughout the Jharkhand examples are Betala National park, Palamu, Hazaribag national park, Hazaribagh, Dalma national park, Jamshedpur, etc. These are the restricted area for the wild animals but the wild animals are found in every part of the state which is also the natural habitat of many invertebrates. Ramgarh is full of forest and greenery and it is also rich in coal mines. Due to mines & factories developmental works, deforestation & pollution, disturbance in ecosystem is observed. Disturbances can increase the rate of species loss. The unplanned development in state disturb the climatic conditions which directly or indirectly affect the vegetation development and regeneration of important species. No detailed assessment of the biodiversity loss of state has been done, however available evidence suggest that the general effect of projected climate change is that the habitat of many species has been lost. All these have been discussed in the paper.

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