Department of Botany, RLSY College, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received 4th May, 2010; Revised 25th July, 2010
Abstract: A brief outline of the development of bioremediation technologies is presented. The major features and limitations are presented and an overview of the current state of the art in the field applications is sketched. The term bioremediation has been introduced to describe the process of using biological agent to remove toxic waste from environment. Bioremediation is the most effective management tool to manage the polluted environment and recover contaminated soil. Bioremediation, both in-situ and ex-situ have also enjoyed strong scientific growth, in part due to the increased use of natural attenuation, since most natural attenuation is due to biodegradation. Bioremediation and natural attention are also seen as a solution for emerging contaminant problems. Microbes are very helpful to remediate the contaminated environment. Number of microbes including aerobes, anaerobes and fungi are involved in bioremediation process.