Nikita Bhagata*, Shweta Mishrab& P.K Vermaa
aUniversity Department of Geology, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
bGeologist, Medininagar, Jharkhand, India
Received : 4th January, 2021 ; Revised : 5th February, 2021
Abstract:- Water is an essential nutrient and plays a key role in the human body. We can survive up to several weeks without food, but only a few days without water. Every system in the body, from cells and tissues, to vital organs requires water to function. Water is uniquely vulnerable to pollution. Known as a “universal solvent” water is able to dissolve more substances than any other liquid on earth. It’s also why water is so easily polluted. Toxic substances from farms, towns and factories readily dissolve into and mix with it, causing water pollution. Groundwater gets polluted when contaminants from pesticides and fertilizers to wastes leached from landfills and septic systems make their way into an aquifer, rendering it unsafe for human use. Covering about 70% of the earth, surface water is what fills our oceans, lakes, river etc. Every time it rains, fertilizers, pesticides and animal waste from farms and livestock operations wash the nutrients and pathogens such bacteria and viruses into our water sources. The causes of water pollution include a wide range of chemicals and pathogens as well as physical parameters. Contaminants may include organic and inorganic substances. Water pollution is measured by analysing water samples. The present paper deals in the pollution of water of North Koel river basin in districts of Latehar and Palamu. Samples from various sites were collected and analysed and we could sum up on the preventive measures required in future.