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Study of intestinal parasitic infection among school going children in eastern zone of Patna district of Bihar, India

Afsana Begum*
Parasitology Research Lab, Department of Zoology, Patna University, Patna, Bihar, India
Received : 18th January, 2020 ; Revised : 26th February, 2020

Abstract : Intestinal parasitic infections caused by protozoan and helminth are one of the major health problems in children of the developing countries like India. Around 450 million children are affected due to these parasites. Therefore the present study was focused to determine the current status of intestinal parasitic infections among school going children. A total of 468 stool samples were randomly collected and examined by simple saline preparation technique. In addition stained preparation of Lugol’s iodine was also used for the identification of nuclear character of the cysts. Of
the total examined cases 231 (49.3%) were found to be harbor. The incidence of infections for various intestinal parasites was as follows
Entamoeba histolytica, (13.9%) Entamoeba coli (4.4%) and Giardia lamblia (6.5%), Ascaris lumbricoides (22.5%), Trichuris trichiura (3.0%), Hymenolepis nana (2.1%) and Hymenolepis diminuta (0.3%). About 3.2 % sample contained mixed infections. The study revealed that the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among children in Patna district is very high and required special control measures, such as improvement in personal hygiene, sanitation, water supplies, socio-economic conditions and education.

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