Deepshikha*, B.P.Yadav Bipra & Arun Kumar
University Department of Zoology, B.N.M. University, Madhepura, Bihar, India
Received :22nd July, 2019 ; Revised : 08th September, 2019
Abstract:-Manganese is named for pyrolusite and other black minerals from the region of Magnesia in Greece, which also gave its name to magnesium and the iron ore magnetite. Manganese (II) ions function as cofactors for a large variety of enzymes with many functions. Manganese enzymes are particularly essential in detoxification of superoxide free radicals in organisms that must deal with elemental oxygen. Manganese is regarded as one of the important elements for both plants and animals but sometimes when taken in heavy amount it becomes toxic in nature. Especially through inhalation, it can cause manganism, a condition in mammals leading to neurological damage that is sometimes irreversible. Manganese (Mn) is one of the trace elements that is required for human metabolisms and activity of several enzymes, but it also could induce toxic effect when it’s ingested in high amount.