Anil Kumar Singha*, Janardan Jeea & BP Bhatta
aICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region Patna -800 014
Received 5th June, 2013; Revised 5th July, 2013
Abstract : Studies on climate change have underscored two points; first that atmospheric commons, namely the earth’s carbon absorbing capacity, is finite and depletable and that growth of GHG emissions, even at their present level pose a threat to humankind. Carbon pollution is causing the world’s climate to change not only on the magnitude of the change but also on the potential for irreversibility, resulting in extreme weather, higher temperatures and more droughts. Our earth is undoubtedly warming. This warming is largely the result of emissions of carbon dioxide and other Greenhouse Gases (GHG’s) from human activities including industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation etc. Day by day the cycle of climate on earth is changing. Global warming has led to season shifting, changing landscapes, rising sea levels, increased risk of drought and floods, stronger storms, increase in heat related illness and diseases all over the world. This has resulted due to emissions of Green House Gases (GHG’s) from various anthropogenic activities. To protect ourselves, our economy, and our land from the adverse effects of climate change, we must reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. By involving agriculture as mitigation tool particularly for non-CO2greenhouse gas (GHG), this would not only help to curb the problems but also enhanced the agricultural system productivity. An international treaty known as “Kyoto Protocol” has come in to force in 2005 with an vision and mission to stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system and to achieve this goal the concept of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has come into inclination as an integral part of protocol with an objective is the “stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Indian opportunity in global carbon credit (trade) is also discussed briefly in this article.