Anita Sinhaa*, Amit Patnaika, Vinay Oraona, Jyoti Kumarb & Kunul Kandirb
aM.Sc. Biotechnology, University Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
bUniversity Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Received : 30th December, 2022 ; Revised :24th January, 2023
Abstract– Plants are the basis of life on the planet earth as plants and their products directly or indirectly support the life processes. Specially, wild plants constitute an integral part of customs and cultures of different ethnic communities. Plants are the almost exclusive source of drugs for majority of the world population. The phyto components present in Tinospora cordifolia, locally known as Gilloy, is used in the treatment of various ailments in the long-established medicinal system in the state of Jharkhand, India and is also an anti-oxidant and immuno-modulator. In the present investigation Tinospora cordifolia, independent climber and climbers on different supporting trees has been identified for phytochemistry by screening and quantitative estimation. In the proposed work three categories of experimental plant has been identified: (i) Tinospora cordifolia independent climber, (TC); (ii) Climber on Aam or Mangifera indica, TC (A) and (iii) Climber on Neem or Azadirachta indica, TC (N). Present study was carried out to investigate the phytoconstituents of the Tinospora cordifolia which contain terpenoids, steroids, glycosides, flavonoids and Phlobatannins etc. are confirmed by preliminary Phyto-chemical studies. GC-MS analysis of methanol extract of the plant showed the presence of a variety of bioactive compounds. Some of them are of great interest as they are either anti-cancer or anti-oxidant or both.
Key words: Tinospora cordifolia, Phyto-constituent, GC-MS analysis, Anti-cancer, Bioactive compounds.