University Department of Botany, B.N.Mandal University, Madhepura, Bihar, India
Received : 2nd June, 2022 ; Revised : 2nd July, 2022
Abstract– The fact that bryophytes are small and barely discernible in comparison to numerous vascular species does not diminish their importance to their ecosystems. Several species of bryophyte, such as those in the genus Sphagnum, are ecosystem engineers. It is crucial to comprehend the origins of apparent distribution patterns of organisms in order to successfully manage and conserve biota, replicate past environmental changes, or foresee future changes in species distributions assuming expected environmental changes. Bryophytes could help people live more sustainably as interest in a sustainable future grows, especially in metropolitan areas. In addition to being a less expensive alternative to traditional air quality monitoring approaches, bryophytes paired with green roofs may be more effective over time in monitoring pollution than solely using epiphytic bryophytes. If you reside in the right environment, mosses can be a great alternative to a traditional lawn because they provide habitat for local wildlife while requiring less dangerous upkeep, such as the use of pesticides.
Key words: bryophytes, ecosystem engineers, pesticides, bioindicator