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Prevalence of Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections in the people of Hajipur (rural area)

Kalpana Kumari*& Mridula Kumari
aDepartment of Zoology, Y.N. College, Dighwara, J.P.U, Chapra, Bihar, India
Received : 27th December, 2019 ; Revised : 23th February, 2020

Abstract: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the most common pathogen causing 60 to 90% of Urinary tract infection. UTI is one of the health problems in the rural area in all ages and both sexes. This study focused on the prevalence of E.coli in different gender and age presenting with signs and symptoms of UTI in the rural area of Hajipur (Bihar). In 82 urine samples 55 from females and 27 from males, the found cases showed that E.coli was prevalent in UTI of the both females and males patients. It was significantly occurred and more frequently in females (66%) than males (34%). It was found that the E.coli and then Klebsiella sp. was the most common gram negative and Streptococcus was the most frequent gram positive isolates. There was significant increase in the UTI of E.coli, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus, Pseudomons and Proteus spp; was found more in females than males due to anatomical, poor hygiene and sanitary conditions in females.All urine sample was- fulfill the criteria for significant bacteriuria (>10^5 colony-forming units (CFU)/ ml.)

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